Dr Gareth Williams

Darllenydd

Contact info

Room: 303 Craig Mair      Phone: +44(0)1248 382588

E-mail: g.j.williams@bangor.ac.uk      Twitter 

Google Scholar      Research Gate

 

I graduated in Marine Biology (University of Liverpool) in 2004 and completed an MSc in Marine Environmental Protection (Bangor University) in 2006. I began a PhD in Marine Biology (Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand) in 2007 in coral disease ecology, combining macroecology, experimental ecology, and histopathology to identify disease baselines and drivers of disease prevalence on Pacific coral reefs. A focus study site of mine was Palmyra Atoll, an uninhabited atoll in the Northern Line Islands. After obtaining my PhD in 2010, I was awarded a post-doctoral scholarship at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego (UCSD) where I continued to work on the macroecology of Pacific coral reefs. This role at Scripps transitioned into an Assistant Project Scientist position within the Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation in 2013. I left Scripps in late 2015 to return to the UK and take up my full-time role within the School of Ocean Sciences at Bangor University.  

I am a marine ecologist specialising in coral reef ecology. My work focuses on the interaction of organisms with their environment, often taking a macroecological approach. I am particularly interested in how human activities and natural biophysical gradients interact to drive community patterns across multiple trophic levels (microbes to sharks) and scales (individual reefs to entire ocean basins). Much of my work incorporates remote coral reefs free from direct human impact, providing key replication at the unimpacted end of an intact-to-degraded ecosystem spectrum. By surveying across extensive geographical areas we address broad quesitons pertaining to: 1. the human, climatic and oceanographic drivers of coral reef ecosystem structure and function, 2. climate change impacts to coral reef ecosystems, 3. the spatial ecology of coral reefs, and 4. disease dynamics on coral reefs.

 

Research Areas 

  1. Erthygl › Ymchwil › Adolygwyd gan gymheiriaid
  2. Cyhoeddwyd

    A robust operational model for predicting where tropical cyclone waves damage coral reefs

    Puotinen, M., Maynard, J. A., Beeden, R., Radford, B. & Williams, G., Mai 2017, Yn : Scientific Reports. 6, 26009.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  3. Cyhoeddwyd

    Advancing the integration of spatial data to map human and natural drivers on coral reefs

    Wedding, L., Lecky, J., Gove, J., Walecka, H., Donovan, M., Williams, G., Jouffray, J-B., Crowder, L., Erickson, A., Falinski, K., Friedlander, A., Kappel, C., Kittinger, J., McCoy, K., Norstrom, A., Nystrom, M., Oleson, K., Stamoulis, K., White, C. & Selkoe, K., 1 Maw 2018, Yn : PLoS ONE. :e0189792.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  4. Cyhoeddwyd

    Antarctic sea-ice microbial communities show distinct patterns of zonation in response to algal-derived substrates

    Cowie, R. O., Williams, G. J., Maas, E. W., Voyles, K. M. & Ryan, K. G., 2 Hyd 2014, Yn : Aquatic Microbial Ecology. 73, 2, t. 123-134

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  5. Cyhoeddwyd

    Assessing relative resilience potential of coral reefs to inform management

    Maynard, J. A., McKagan, S., Raymundo, L., Johnson, S., Ahmadia, G. N., Johnston, L., Houk, P., Williams, G., Kendall, M., Heron, S. F., van Hooidonk, R., Mcleod, E., Tracey, D. & Planes, S., 1 Rhag 2015, Yn : Biological Conservation. 192, December, t. 109-119

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  6. Benthic communities at two remote Pacific coral reefs: effects of reef habitat, depth, and wave energy gradients on spatial patterns

    Williams, G. J., Smith, J. E., Conklin, E. J., Gove, J. M., Sala, E. & Sandin, S. A., 28 Mai 2013, Yn : PeerJ. 1, e81.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  7. Cyhoeddwyd

    Biophysical drivers of coral trophic depth zonation

    Williams, G., Sandin, S. A., Zgliczynski, B. J., Fox, M., Gove, J. M., Rogers, J. S., Furby, K., Hartmann, A., Caldwell, Z. R., Price, N. & Smith, J. E., Ebr 2018, Yn : Marine Biology. 165, 60.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  8. Black reefs: iron-induced phase shifts on coral reefs

    Kelly, L. W., Barott, K. L., Dinsdale, E., Friedlander, A. M., Nosrat, B., Obura, D., Sala, E., Sandin, S. A., Smith, J. E., Vermeij, M. J. A., Williams, G. J., Willner, D. & Rohwer, F., Maw 2012, Yn : The ISME Journal. 6, 3, t. 638-649

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  9. Cyhoeddwyd

    Combining fish and benthic communities into multiple regimes reveals complex reef dynamics

    Donovan, M. K., Friedlander, A. M., Lecky, J., Jouffray, J-B., Williams, G. J., Wedding, L. M., Crowder, L. B., Erickson, A. L., Graham, N. A. J., Gove, J. M., Kappel, C. V., Karr, K., Kittinger, J. N., Norström, A. V., Nyström, M., Oleson, K. L. L., Stamoulis, K. A., White, C., Williams, I. D. & Selkoe, K. A., 16 Tach 2018, Yn : Scientific Reports. 8, 16943.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  10. Cyhoeddwyd

    Contrasting recovery following removal of growth anomalies in the corals Acropora and Montipora

    Williams, G. J., 11 Hyd 2013, Yn : Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 106, 2, t. 181-185

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  11. Coral disease at Palmyra Atoll, a remote reef system in the Central Pacific

    Williams, G., Aeby, G. S. & Davy, S. K., Maw 2008, Yn : Coral Reefs. 27, 1, t. 207-207

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  12. Cyhoeddwyd

    Coral reef benthic regimes exhibit non-linear threshold responses to natural physical drivers

    Gove, J. M., Williams, G. J., McManus, M. A., Clark, S. J., Ehses, J. S. & Wedding, L. M., 2 Maw 2015, Yn : Marine Ecology Progress Series. 522, t. 33-48

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  13. Cyhoeddwyd

    Coral reef ecology in the Anthropocene

    Williams, G. J., Graham, N. A. J., Jouffray, J-B., Norstrom, A. V., Nystrom, M., Gove, J. M., Heenan, A. & Wedding, L. M., Meh 2019, Yn : Functional Ecology. 33, 6, t. 1014-1022

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  14. Cyhoeddwyd

    Coral reef ecosystem services in the Anthropocene

    Woodhead, A. J., Hicks, C. C., Norstrom, A. V., Williams, G. J. & Graham, N. A. J., Meh 2019, Yn : Functional Ecology. 33, 6, t. 1023-1034

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  15. Cyhoeddwyd

    Cryptic species obscure introduction pathway of the blue Caribbean sponge (Haliclona (Soestella) caerulea), (order: Haplosclerida) to Palmyra Atoll, Central Pacific

    Knapp, I. S., Forsman, Z. H., Williams, G. J., Toonen, R. J. & Bell, J. J., 6 Awst 2015, Yn : PeerJ. 3

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  16. Disease dynamics of Montipora white syndrome within Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii: distribution, seasonality, virulence, and transmissibility

    Aeby, G. S., Ross, M., Williams, G., Lewis, T. D. & Work, T. M., 26 Gorff 2010, Yn : Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 91, 1, t. 1-8

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  17. Cyhoeddwyd

    Disease dynamics of Porites bleaching with tissue loss: prevalence, virulence, transmission, and environmental drivers

    Sudek, M., Williams, G. J., Runyon, C., Aeby, G. S. & Davy, S. K., 10 Chwef 2015, Yn : Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 113, 1, t. 59-68

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  18. Environmental Factors Affecting Large-Bodied Coral Reef Fish Assemblages in the Mariana Archipelago

    Richards, B. L., Williams, I. D., Vetter, O. J. & Williams, G. J., 27 Chwef 2012, Yn : PLoS ONE. 7, 2, e31374.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  19. Cyhoeddwyd

    Environmental and ecological controls of coral community metabolism on Palmyra Atoll

    Koweek, D., Dunbar, R. B., Rogers, J. S., Williams, G., Price, N., Mucciarone, D. & Teneva, L., Maw 2015, Yn : Coral Reefs. 34, 1, t. 339-351

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  20. Cyhoeddwyd

    First record of coralline fungal disease (CFD) in the Indian Ocean

    Williams, G., Roche, R. & Turner, J., 4 Meh 2018, Yn : Coral Reefs. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-018-1704-z , 1 t.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  21. Cyhoeddwyd

    Foraging consistency of coral reef fishes across environmental gradients in the central Pacific

    Zgliczynski, B. J., Williams, G., Hamilton, S., Cordner, E., Fox, M., Eynaud, Y., Michene, R., Kaufman, L. & Sandin, S. A., Hyd 2019, Yn : Oecologia. 191, 2, t. 433-445

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  22. Cyhoeddwyd

    Gradients in primary production predict trophic strategies of mixotrophic corals across spatial scales

    Fox, M. D., Williams, G. J., Johnson, M. D., Radice, V. Z., Zgliczynski, B. J., Kelly, E. L. A., Rohwer, F. L., Sandin, S. A. & Smith, J. E., 5 Tach 2018, Yn : Current Biology. 28, 21, t. 3355-3363

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  23. Gross and microscopic morphology of lesions in Cnidaria from Palmyra Atoll, Central Pacific

    Williams, G. J., Work, T. M., Aeby, G. S., Knapp, I. S. & Davy, S. K., Chwef 2011, Yn : Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 106, 2, t. 165-173

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  24. Growth Anomalies on the Coral Genera Acropora and Porites Are Strongly Associated with Host Density and Human Population Size across the Indo-Pacific

    Aeby, G. S., Williams, G. J., Franklin, E. C., Haapkyla, J., Harvell, C. D., Neale, S., Page, C. A., Raymundo, L., Vargas-Angel, B., Willis, B. L., Work, T. M. & Davy, S. K., 18 Chwef 2011, Yn : PLoS ONE. 6, 2

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  25. Cyhoeddwyd

    Guiding coral reef futures in the Anthropocene

    Norstrom, A. V., Nystrom, M., Jouffray, J-B., Folke, C., Graham, N. A. J., Moberg, F., Olsson, P. & Williams, G., 1 Tach 2016, Yn : Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  26. Cyhoeddwyd

    Hawaiʻi Coral Disease database (HICORDIS): species-specific coral health data from across the Hawaiian archipelago

    Caldwell, J. M., Burns, J. H. R., Couch, C., Ross, M., Runyon, C., Takabayashi, M., Vargas-Ángel, B., Walsh, W., Walton, M., White, D., Williams, G. & Heron, S. F., Medi 2016, Yn : Data in Brief. 8, t. 1054-1058

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  27. Cyhoeddwyd

    High frequency temperature variability reduces the risk of coral bleaching

    Safaie, A., Silbiger, N. J., McClanahan, T. R., Pawlak, G., Barshis, D. J., Hench, J. L., Rogers, J. S., Williams, G. & Davis, K. A., 2018, Yn : Nature Communications. 9, 1671.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  28. Cyhoeddwyd

    Identifying multiple coral reef regimes and their drivers across the Hawaiian archipelago

    Jouffray, J., Nystrom, M., Norstrom, A. V., Williams, I. D., Wedding, L. M., Kittinger, J. N. & Williams, G. J., 24 Tach 2014, Yn : Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 370, 1659

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  29. Cyhoeddwyd

    Impacts and Recovery from Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi on the Great Barrier Reef

    Beeden, R., Maynard, J., Puotinen, M., Marshall, P., Dryden, J., Goldberg, J. & Williams, G., 15 Ebr 2015, Yn : PLoS ONE. 10, 4, t. e0121272

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  30. Cyhoeddwyd

    Improving marine disease surveillance through sea temperature monitoring, outlooks and projections

    Maynard, J., van Hooidonk, R., Harvell, C. D., Eakin, C. M., Liu, G., Willis, B. L., Williams, G., Groner, M. L., Dobson, A., Heron, S. F., Glenn, R., Reardon, K. & Shields, J. D., 5 Maw 2016, Yn : Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 371, 1689

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  31. Cyhoeddwyd

    Influence of local environmental variables on the viral consortia associated with the coral Montipora capitata from Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, USA

    Lawrence, S. A., Wilkinson, S. P., Davy, J. E., Arlidge, W. N., Williams, G. J., Wilson, W. H., Aeby, G. S. & Davy, S. K., 24 Maw 2015, Yn : Aquatic Microbial Ecology. 74, t. 251-262

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  32. Cyhoeddwyd

    Large-area imaging reveals biologically driven non-random spatial patterns of corals at a remote reef

    Edwards, C., Eynaud, Y., Williams, G., Pedersen, N., Zgliczynski, B., Gleason, A., Smith, J. & Sandin, S., Rhag 2017, Yn : Coral Reefs. 36, 4, t. 1291-1305

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  33. Cyhoeddwyd

    Local genomic adaptation of coral reef-associated microbiomes to gradients of natural variability and anthropogenic stressors

    Kelly, L. W., Williams, G. J., Barott, K. L., Carlson, C. A., Dinsdale, E. A., Edwards, R. A., Haas, A. F., Haynes, M., Lim, Y. W., McDole, T., Nelson, C. E., Sala, E., Sandin, S. A., Smith, J. E., Vermeij, M. J., Youle, M. & Rohwer, F., 30 Meh 2014, Yn : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 111, 28, t. 10227-10232

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  34. Cyhoeddwyd

    Local human impacts decouple natural biophysical relationships on Pacific coral reefs

    Williams, G. J., Gove, J. M., Eynaud, Y., Zgliczynski, B. J. & Sandin, S. A., 28 Chwef 2015, Yn : Ecography. 38, 8, t. 751-761

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  35. Cyhoeddwyd

    Local-scale projections of coral reef futures and implications of the Paris Agreement

    van Hooidonk, R., Maynard, J. A., Tamelander, J., Gove, J. M., Ahmadia, G. N., Raymundo, L., Williams, G., Heron, S. F. & Planes, S., Rhag 2016, Yn : Scientific Reports. 6, 39666.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  36. Cyhoeddwyd

    Meta-Mass Shift Chemical (MeMSChem) profiling of metabolomes from coral reefs

    Hartmann, A., Petras, D., Quinn, R., Protsyuk, I., Archer, F., Ransome, E., Williams, G., Bailey, B., Vermeij, M., Alexandrov, T., Dorrestein, P. & Rohwer, F., 31 Hyd 2017, Yn : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 114, 44, t. 11685-11690

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  37. Cyhoeddwyd

    Metagenomic covariation along densely sampled environmental gradients in the Red Sea

    Thompson, L. R., Williams, G., Haroon, M. F., Shibl, A., Larsen, P., Shorenstein, J., Knight, R. & Stingl, U., Ion 2017, Yn : ISME Journal. 11, t. 138-151

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  38. Modeling patterns of coral bleaching at a remote Central Pacific atoll

    Williams, G. J., Knapp, I. S., Maragos, J. E. & Davy, S. K., Medi 2010, Yn : Marine Pollution Bulletin. 60, 9, t. 1467-1476

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  39. Cyhoeddwyd

    Natural bounds on herbivorous coral reef fishes

    Heenan, A., Hoey, A. S., Williams, G. & Williams, I. D., 23 Tach 2016, Yn : Proceedings of the Royal Society B.. 283, 1843

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  40. Natural history of coral-algae competition across a gradient of human activity in the Line Islands

    Barott, K. L., Williams, G. J., Vermeij, M. J. A., Harris, J., Smith, J. E., Rohwer, F. L. & Sandin, S. A., 2012, Yn : Marine Ecology Progress Series. 460, t. 1-12

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  41. Cyhoeddwyd

    Near-island biological hotspots in barren ocean basins

    Gove, J. M., McManus, M. A., Neuheimer, A. B., Polovina, J. J., Drazen, J. C., Smith, C. R., Merrifield, M. A., Friedlander, A. M., Ehses, J. S., Young, C. W., Dillon, A. K. & Williams, G., 16 Chwef 2016, Yn : Nature Communications. 7, 10581.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  42. Cyhoeddwyd

    Ocean warming and acidification have complex interactive effects on the dynamics of a marine fungal disease

    Williams, G. J., Price, N. N., Ushijima, B., Aeby, G. S., Callahan, S., Davy, S. K., Gove, J. M., Johnson, M. D., Knapp, I. S., Shore-Maggio, A., Smith, J. E., Videau, P. & Work, T. M., 22 Ion 2014, Yn : Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 281, 1778

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  43. Outbreak of Acropora white syndrome following a mild bleaching event at Palmyra Atoll, Northern Line Islands, Central Pacific

    Williams, G., Knapp, I. S., Work, T. M. & Conklin, E. J., Medi 2011, Yn : Coral Reefs. 30, 3, t. 621-621

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  44. Cyhoeddwyd

    Parsing human and biophysical drivers of coral reef regimes

    Jouffray, J-B., Wedding, L., Norstrom, A. V., Donovan, M., Williams, G., Crowder, L., Erickson, A., Friedlander, A. M., Graham, N. A. J., Gove, J. M., Kappel, C., Kittinger, J., Lecky, J., Oleson, K., Selkoe, K., White, C., Williams, I. & Nystrom, M., Chwef 2019, Yn : Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 286, 1896, 20182544.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  45. E-gyhoeddi cyn argraffu

    Pathogenesis of a tissue loss disease affecting multiple species of corals along the Florida Reef Tract

    Aeby, G. S., Ushijima, B., Campbell, J., Jones, S., Williams, G. J., Meyer, J., Hase, C. & Paul, V., 1 Tach 2019, Yn : Frontiers in Marine Science.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  46. Patterns of Coral Disease across the Hawaiian Archipelago: Relating Disease to Environment

    Aeby, G. S., Williams, G. J., Franklin, E. C., Kenyon, J., Cox, E. F., Coles, S. & Work, T. M., 31 Mai 2011, Yn : PLoS ONE. 6, 5

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  47. Cyhoeddwyd

    Positive and Negative Effects of a Threatened Parrotfish on Reef Ecosystems

    McCauley, D. J., Young, H. S., Guevara, R., Williams, G. J., Power, E. A., Dunbar, R. B., Bird, D. W., Durham, W. H. & Micheli, F., 26 Gorff 2014, Yn : Conservation Biology. 28, 5, t. 1312-1321

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  48. Predictive Modeling of Coral Disease Distribution within a Reef System

    Williams, G. J., Aeby, G. S., Cowie, R. O. M. & Davy, S. K., 17 Chwef 2010, Yn : PLoS ONE. 5, 2, e9264.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  49. E-gyhoeddi cyn argraffu

    Prey-size plastics are invading larval fish nurseries

    Gove, J. M., Whitney, J., McManus, M. A., Lecky, J., Carvalho, F., Lynch, J., Li, J., Neubauer, P., Smith, K., Phipps, J., Kobayashi, D., Balagso, K., Contreras, E., Manuel, M., Merrifield, M., Polovina, J., Asner, G., Maynard, J. A. & Williams, G. J., 11 Tach 2019, Yn : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  50. Cyhoeddwyd

    Projections of climate conditions that increase coral disease susceptibility and pathogen abundance and virulence

    Maynard, J., van Hooidonk, R., Eakin, C. M., Puotinen, M., Garren, M., Williams, G. J., Heron, S. F., Lamb, J., Weil, E., Willis, B. & Hervell, C. D., 4 Mai 2015, Yn : Nature Climate Change. 5, t. 688-694

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

  51. Proximate environmental drivers of coral communities at Palmyra Atoll: Establishing baselines prior to removing a WWII military causeway

    Williams, G. J., Knapp, I. S., Maragos, J. E. & Davy, S. K., Awst 2011, Yn : Marine Pollution Bulletin. 62, 8, t. 1842-1851

    Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

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